The syntax is simple and jQuery can produce beautiful almost Flash-like animations. Unlike Flash, jQuery is viewable on iOS and it produces dynamic web pages easily.
jQuery is rapidly growing in popularity and with the recent jQuery conference held in San Francisco at the end of June it seems an opportune time to start a conversation about jQuery and specifically some of the pros and cons of using it for more demanding jobs.
Perhaps the best thing about jQuery is that you don't need to be a programming genius to wow clients.
There's usually more than one way to skin a cat, but the ability to add plug-ins on top of the base library makes jQuery an incredibly flexible and above all speedy solution. Using CSS may be the better choice in some cases (see below) but if your programming skills are more limited, selecting jQuery will help you get the job done.
Web development is too often a process strapped for time and saving minutes or even hours of work is often not a luxury but a necessity. John Resig and the other developers behind the jQuery project genuinely understand the time/money equation that faces web developers on a daily basis. Speedy implementation usually means more dollars in your pocket.
Microsoft and Nokia are both behind jQuery and planning to bundle it into their new platforms suggesting a bright future ahead. Additionally almost everyone in the open source community is behind jQuery because:
- The support of the community is great
- It makes DOM manipulation painless
- It plays well with AJAX
- It makes basic animation a piece of cake
- Set selection is painless
- There are plug-ins
- Bugs get identified and fixed quickly
Open source allows fast and dynamic growth. There are no licenses to worry about and it is free. Free actually translates into a community of minds that is far broader and smarter than the developers held captive by one company.
The core of jQuery has been built by some of the most brilliant minds in the business and the development is literally exploding.
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Open source has its issues: for example, not everything is built to a common standard. This is fine if your client — or more likely, you — have the time and money to invest tweaking code. However, if time, money, ability or all three are in short supply your back will be up against the wall when something goes wrong.
The latest stable version of jQuery (v1.7.2) was released March 21, 2012, so the ability to find common solutions for your exact issue, drawn from the community pool is likely to be in short supply for some time to come.
Another major problem with jQuery is that there are multiple versions out there. Some versions play well with others and some don't. For example, browser compatibility with animations has been a long-standing problem with jQuery animations. Making sure that you are currently running the latest jQuery update will fix many of the known issues related to jQuery animations, but you are left choosing between hosting the library yourself and continually updating, or loading the library from Google and risking incompatibility with your code as new versions are released.
The AJAX control toolkit provides server side controls. This gives a developer a lot more power and flexibility. But the AJAX toolkit is large and bulky compared to jQuery. As jQuery continues to develop the lightweight code will probably win out especially with Microsoft onboard — by backing jQuery Microsoft are essentially dumping their own MicrosoftAjax.js. On the surface, the results of using jQuery to deal with XML are really cool; there are so few lines of code, it all just seems so easy…
However, handling AJAX and jQuery is a common area where the downsides of not really being a programmer frequently become apparent. For example, understanding the fundamental differences between GET and POST HTTP requests is vital, and yet so many designers who lack this knowledge plow on, expecting jQuery to pick up their slack. There are pitfalls that designers may not be aware of, for example GET requests can be limited in length and many inexperienced programmers simply switch to POST to solve the issue; this can be a bad idea, GET makes no lasting modifications on the server whereas POST can. POST isn't a command that should be arbitrarily repeated yet it is used unwittingly sometimes.
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It's easy to be cool with jQuery, it's not so easy to be cool and correct.
To use jQuery and especially cool jQuery well requires a commitment to the community. The development is rapid and that is exciting but this can also lead again to issues related to time. The development is so fast in some areas that if a developer doesn't follow and take part in the community on a regular basis it is easy to get left in the dust. This is an additional time commitment for developers who are strapped for time trying to run a business, take care of multiple clients, implement SEO and Content Marketing campaigns and still see their kids.
It is necessary to realistically evaluate your skill level and the time required to stay on top of all the new jQuery developments.
And the ugly
The two big elephants in the closet related to jQuery have been left for last: speed and spaghetti code.
jQuery spaghetti, if you haven't come across it yet, in time you will. jQuery's biggest attribute — how easy it is to use — is also its Achilles heal. jQuery is a library that is designed to help with DOM transverses and CSS selectors. It does this with amazing efficiency. It is not intended to be used as a Framework for client-side interaction. When used incorrectly, especially jQuery CSS selectors, the end result can be code that grows and grows in a monster-sized .js file until it becomes impossible to maintain. Throw in callbacks, a few cosmetic design changes, and generic naming and down the road, maintaining a jQuery site can become a nightmare.
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Using a good framework can help to prevent some of the jQuery spaghetti. Unfortunately, frameworks are really a new area and it takes time to choose the right framework(s) and get them to play nicely with one another. Again this additional time needs to be factored into the jQuery equation. At the moment there are many frameworks looking to dominate the client side MVS Framework space. Backbone.js is the most popular at the moment but it has some serious competition.