The latest UX challenge: designing for personalization
Users want individual experiences when they interact with devices. From geolocation tools to voice activation systems that respond to a voice or call someone by name, users want tools that seem to know them. But how do you design a system or interface that might be vastly different for each user? That’s one of today’s biggest web and mobile design challenges.
What is personalization?
Personalization pops up in digital design in a number of ways. It can be in the form of advertising or marketing or part of the content experience associated with a website, game or app. Simply, personalization is matching content to the user’s specific preferences, whether they actually input those cues or not. Personalization is initiated by a number of things, such as adjusting the settings on a site or app or by allowing elements like cookies to track user behavior. Both types of personalization are growing in popularity to make the entire web feel more custom. It’s an almost Amazon-style effect where every registered user gets their own homepage based on their wants, needs and past shopping history. That’s personalization.
Personalization is everywhere
If you haven’t been paying attention, personalization is already everywhere. It’s only going to continue to grow. While some of the most common uses are for marketing purposes — have you ever noticed that all the ads seem to be for the exact item you were shopping for? — more websites are fitting their content to you as well. Personalization was something that was reserved for games not all that long ago, but now it extends to almost everything you do online. Facebook is a prime example of how personalization follows you with online advertising. And you don’t even really have to be shopping for it to work. Look at the above image from my personal feed. There are two pieces of advertising on the screen — both are for services I have connections with because I have an iStock account and a SiriusXM radio in my vehicle (which is about to renew, by the way). Both ads are specifically targeted to me based on my browsing history. This targeted marketing content has made my social media experience that much more personal. Spotify has personalization down to a science. Not only does the web app store and play music that I like, it also helps me find new songs or artists that I may have missed related to what I am listening to right now. It goes so far with personalization to even embed your image into these recommendations, so you truly know that you are getting a music list that is perfectly yours.
There are plenty of variables that impact personalization. (Most are available to you through Google analytics if you are really interested in breaking down your audience.) These factors include:
- search and keywords;
- device type (desktop vs. phone, iOS vs. Android);
- ad clicks;
- referring source (how did you get to the site?);
- buying history with a specific retailer;
- location (particularly with mobile and mapping);
- how often a site is visited;
- day and time;
- click patterns and navigation history;
- indicated user preferences;
- demographics (age, gender, etc.).
Any or all of these factors can weigh on whether and what personalization happens when a user goes online. (Just remember, every click online leaves a trail of information behind it.) Some of these elements are things you know and have access to when you build a website or app. This is one of the great benefits of a login (especially that connects through a social media channel) because the data mining path is already created. Every element is connected to help create that perfectly unique user experience that users might not even see without thinking about it. Paul Adams of Intercom may have explained it best in “Design Futures 2: Personalization and the New Product Canvas.” He included a series of charts that show how users and services connect to create specific experiences.
Many people underestimate the extent to which personalization is already happening online…If you are signed into Google you will see different search results than others based on your past searches and websites you’ve visited, but the remarkable thing is that this happens even if you are not signed in (using cookies). — Paul Adams, Intercom
Does personalization really matter?
The answer is a resounding yes. Personalization really is important. You will find some naysayers that turn off all their cookies and refuse to sign in to websites, but there aren’t that many. And it’s for a pretty simple reason. We like the web to be custom-tailored to our wants and needs. Personalization makes users feel special; it helps create and reinforce identity and a sense of connectedness. Think of it this way, particularly if you don’t realize that sites are customized to you, there is a belief that what you are seeing is just like everyone else. This creates a sense of global community. And even if users realize sites are customized to them, this community still exists because “why would something appear if a lot of people did not like/feel/want the same thing?”