For those of us familiar with brutalism on the web, we don’t necessarily look at it as a favorable design choice. That’s because it violates a lot of the best practices of today’s web-design standards, including making beautiful websites that provide good information architecture on each page.
In fact, brutalism’s stark, ultra-bare bones approach to design has left many of us borderline repulsed, especially with popular design trends like flat, flat 2.0, minimalism, and parallax espousing characteristics like vibrant colors and great aesthetics. To be sure, brutalism’s raw and industrial-inspired approach doesn’t leave many in the design community feeling all warm and fuzzy.
However, what if the extreme, stripped-down approach of brutalism actually helps your site get more conversions and sell more of its product or service? Then, you’d have to give it a second look, wouldn’t you?
Believe it or not, while brutalism certainly won’t win any aesthetic accolades any time soon, its ultra-minimalist design choices actually can prove beneficial to raising conversion rates. Here’s how:
A faster website
One of the reasons that brutalism is seen as ugly is because there are no frills and gimmicks in the design. The appearance of a brutalist site goes way beyond minimalism and into something raw and almost unfinished-looking. While it’s not easy on the eyes of users, the thing is that a site with so few elements won’t take long to load its pages.
As a result, a brutalist site becomes faster than an ordinary site with more elements to load. Think about it: Without high-resolution images or lengthy videos, a site isn’t bogged down and can therefore load quicker than usual.
How does this impact conversions?
Research show that faster sites increase conversions.
Kissmetrics’ infographic establishes the following:
• The longer it takes a page to load, the higher the abandonment rate will be
• 79% of shoppers who are unhappy with site performance are less likely to purchase from the same site again
• A one-second delay in page speed can cause a 7% drop in a site’s conversions
A study from Soasta reveals that mobile pages that are just one second faster produce conversion rates that are up to 27% higher.
A popular example of a brutalist site is Y Combinator’s Hacker News. When we check Alexa analytics to determine its site speed, we see that it loads “very fast” at just 0.79 seconds.
While this ultra-simplicity may be minimalism to the extreme, it sure results in faster sites that provide a better UX, particularly for shopping sites, and therefore raise conversions.
Extremely easy navigation
The ease of use of any site’s navigation isn’t just a benchmark for the success of the site, but also determines whether the site has many conversions or very few. Depending on the navigability of a site—in other words, how easy it is for users and visitors to find the information they’re looking for on your site’s interface—usability will be affected one way or another.
Say what you will about brutalist sites’ ugliness, but at least they are incredibly easy to use!
According to the Nielsen/Norman Group, if site usability is low, thereby making the site hard to use, users leave, dropping conversion rates like crazy. One of the primary offenders of bad navigation and, consequently, bad usability is complexity, excess and clutter in the form of too many elements on any given webpage.
Say what you will about brutalist sites’ ugliness, but at least they are incredibly easy to use! That’s directly owing to how relatively few elements appear on their pages, competing for the user’s attention, in comparison to today’s apparently UX-friendly, trendy and aesthetic sites that adhere to all the web-design best practices.
When your users easily find what they want on your site — say, a product they’re searching for, along with prices, shipping info, and a bold and big call to action button — they’re likelier to stick around and complete an action.
We see this on Apple’s site for this past summer’s WWDC16. The navigation is so easy to find in the header since there are only very few competing elements on the page. Budding designers who wanted to attend the conference and get advice straight from Apple experts could also efficiently request a consultation since the “Consultations” tab in the navigation menu was easy to find and led to a noticeable CTA.
Fewer distractions and choices
We know that visitors and users are an easily distracted bunch. We’ve all heard of the notorious and frequently referenced jam experiment, where one tasting session with fewer choices led to more purchases or conversions, as opposed to another session dominated by more choices and fewer purchases.
This old-school experiment — not involving sites, digital products, or anything design-related — shows us that human beings are easily affected by too many choices, which leads to choice paralysis. This applies to your site visitors and users, too.
That’s why it’s unsurprising that studies show that landing pages, for example, with fewer choices lead to more conversions. Crazy Egg recommends removing the following distractions for better conversions:
- The navigation bar
- Excessive form fields
- Multiple CTAs
Thanks to their rawness and stark absence of frills and gimmicks, brutalist sites are extremely distraction-free. Many brutalist sites have only one point of focus or page goal on their homepages, and that usually centers around the purpose of the site in the first place. As we’ve just seen, when a page has very few distractions, conversions will increase because there are fewer elements competing for your users’ attention and action.
Take UX and web designer Serge Khineika’s site. It is literally the epitome of a brutalist site with barely any distractions because there are only a few links visitors can click on until they scroll down to the bottom of the page—where Serge displays his contact info. Therefore, the page goal—getting leads to get in touch with him—is optimized and will have a positive effect on conversions.
Brutalism and conversions: a match made in heaven?
Before you write off brutalism as being unfriendly to conversions, think twice. Criticism of brutalism has been primarily based on its unorthodoxy and unattractiveness, which violates our current standards of what constitutes excellent design.
However, when it comes to conversions, less is more and simpler is better—and the research backs this up. You don’t necessarily need a gorgeous site with all the bells and whistles that sports the latest design trend to optimize conversions on your site. Ironically, a beautiful site can include a lot of excess baggage, both in design and development, which can hamper conversions.
So the next time you see a brutalist site, don’t be so quick to misjudge it! The site owner may just be enjoying his fair share of conversions, in spite of its unattractive appearance.